Koi Carp Pond Pumps 0 12

However large or small your koi pond is, you will need to incorporate a range of water pumps to keep it healthy! Water pumps are necessary in order to keep your filters working, and also to provide oxygenation to the depths of your pond, and keep the water moving.

The specific size of pump you will need, and how many of them, will vary depending on both the size of your pond and its layout. Your pumps should allow for turnover of water throughout the entire pond with no “dead spots,” but they should not be so powerful that they disturb the substrate of your pond or make the water churn!

There are various different types of pumps available and we will explain the main types and their respective benefits below.

Feature pumps

Feature pumps are generally small, and intended to power a water feature such as a bubble stream or a fountain. They are usually designed specifically for use with a surface level or above-water feature, and will control the water movement within the top level of the pond or within a small area only.

Fountain or waterfall pumps

Fountain or waterfall pumps are sometimes referred to as combined general purpose pumps, and may be used to operate a fountain or waterfall and a filter simultaneously. Generally, just one filter of this type will not be sufficient to serve the needs of your entire pond, as they will normally only provide power to the filter and water feature in one area of the pond.

Solar pumps

Solar pond pumps are a great option for pumping the water within your pond if access to an electricity supply is difficult, as these pumps are powered by solar energy, as the name suggests!

However, they do of course rely on there being sufficient sunlight to keep them running, and you will generally need to install several within the pond to provide adequate water circulation if these will be your only means of pumping the water around.

All-in-one pumps

All-in-one pumps are one of the easiest solutions for smaller koi ponds. They can also be used in larger ponds if you are able to set up more than one of them. Not only do they pump the water around the pond, but they also incorporate biological filtration and sometimes, a UV sterilizer too.

Choosing the right pump or pumps for your koi pond

You should base your choice of pump on the requirements of your pond and your fish. You will almost certainly need to provide more than one pump, and possibly more than one type of pump to get things just right.

A koi pond pump

It is wise to take advice from a koi or pond building expert when choosing your pumps, and make sure that your pumps have adequate power to circulate the water and feed your filters properly. Remember when you situate your pumps that they should be easily accessible for maintenance, and keep the pumps themselves a couple of inches off the floor of the pond.

Ensure that the water pushed out by the pump is diffused rather than coming out as a jet of water, in order to avoid damage to pond fittings and creating too strong a current for your fish.

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5 reasons a tortoise is the perfect pet 0 167

Tortoises are adorable animals and they are great pets to keep in your home. Here we explore the top five reasons why you should consider getting a tortoise as a pet.

1. Low maintenance

With some space to enjoy and some lettuce to chomp on, a tortoise will be pretty happy. This low maintenance pet won’t need walking twice a day and will keep themselves entertained.

2. Tortoises are very affordable

Tortoises are very affordable to keep in your home. Once they are set up with a comfortable space to enjoy, there will be very little cost to upkeep them. Their food is cheap and their space remains clean for long periods without needing to be changed.

3. Tortoises live long lives

Tortoises will also be around for a long time. They can live from 14 to 30 years or more depending on the species, which means you will have a friend for years to come. Unlike most other pets, you will be able to enjoy your tortoise for vast periods of your life.

4. They’re harmless

Tortoises are far more harmless than cats and dogs. While they may bite your finger if you put it in their mouth, little damage will be done. A tortoise is a very safe pet to have in the home and is great when you have children too.

5. Tortoises are loyal

Tortoises are unlike most pets in that they are happy in the space you give them. With room to wander around, food to eat and occasional trips into the garden to play and eat grass, the tortoise will be happy. Tortoises will not try to run away from you like dogs, hamsters or guinea pigs.

Tortoises are adorable creatures to keep as pets and they are a very practical and affordable animal to have in your home. Unlike many pets, it is easy to keep a tortoise and to keep them happy for a long time. With a tortoise, you will have a friend for years and years to come.

Photo: Tortoise by snowmentality licensed under Creative commons 2

Keeping exotic fish as pets 0 296

Exotic fish

There’s something mesmerising about watching a tank full of brightly coloured fish swim around. Do they make good pets though? Is it hard to keep exotic fish? With the right pet care and pet advice, exotic fish make great, if unusual pets.

Tank size

Go for the biggest sized tank you can afford and have room for. The bigger your tank, the easier you’ll find keeping the balance of the water right. Your fish need plenty of room to swim too. Aim for at least a 20-gallon tank.

Tank set-up

You’re going to need a heater to warm the water. You’ll also need a filter to ensure clean, healthy water, which is crucial for fish to thrive. It’s advisable to add an air pump to boost the oxygen levels.

You’ll also need a light for the tank, and a timer for the light, so it’s not on all the time. Bear in mind a fish tank should be placed out of direct sunlight, away from draughts and heating sources.

On top of the things that make your tank work you’re going to need everything that goes into your tank; gravel for the bottom, plants, and decorative caves and tunnels so your fish can hide if they want to.

You can usually buy aquarium starter kits at pet food stores if you want help in pulling everything together.

Getting the water right

The filter will cycle your water to make it suitable for fish to live in, never add tap water directly to the tank. You need to de-chlorinate it first. You can also add a water treatment to help keep the water healthy between changes.

You should change about 10-15% of the water each week to keep it clean and healthy for the fish. Never do a full tank change once your fish are in the tank.

Choosing your fish

When you choose your fish, make sure you start introducing them slowly – this will help you identify if you’ve got the water balance right, and at this point, your tanks eco-system is still developing, so adding lots of fish can damage it.

There’s a wide range of tropical fish to choose from – Cichlids, Betta and Swordtails are good starter fish, and are nice to look at. Never mix goldfish and tropical fish together.