Do Betta Fish Sleep? 0 297

Do betta fish sleep?

A question that is often asked by hobbyist fish keepers is “do betta fish sleep?”.

Betta fish are slower moving and more sedentary than many other types of fish, and often, seem to spend time at rest… but do betta fish sleep? Read on to find out.

All animals of all species need to spend some time at rest and the betta fish is no exception.

However, what we as mammals and humans think of as sleep; a period of unconsciousness with our eyes closed, and going through dream cycles, is not the same for some other species.

Betta fish do not have eyelids and so, the betta does not close its eyes to sleep and rest. This is why fish keepers sometimes think that fish do not actually sleep at all, but they do; just in a different way.

Do betta fish sleep?

The betta fish is diurnal rather nocturnal, meaning that they are lively, active and awake during the day, and sleep at night, following the same pattern that people do.

When bettas go to sleep, they will rest in a safe spot such as among the plants in the tank or in a quiet corner, remaining relatively still during their period of rest.

In order to allow for the betta’s normal sleep cycle, it is important to simulate the cycle of day and night within the tank. This may mean lighting the tank during the day and covering it at night.

How to tell when your betta is asleep

While bettas usually sleep at night when the house is dark and the aquarium lights are off, they may also stop for a rest and a nap during daylight hours. If your betta is resting or sleeping, they will usually lie in an L-shaped position and appear to be floating freely in the water, without using their fins and tail to direct themselves.

As bettas will sometimes sleep near to the top of the tank and appear to be floating on or near the surface of the water, it is sometimes easy to think for a moment that the fish has died! But don’t worry, they will soon “come back to life” if disturbed or if the lights are switched on!

Like all animals, betta fish sleep and it is an essential part of their lives. It is therefore important to ensure that the tank environment and lighting is suitable and that they are able to undergo the required periods of rest without disturbance.

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5 reasons a tortoise is the perfect pet 0 247

Tortoises are adorable animals and they are great pets to keep in your home. Here we explore the top five reasons why you should consider getting a tortoise as a pet.

1. Low maintenance

With some space to enjoy and some lettuce to chomp on, a tortoise will be pretty happy. This low maintenance pet won’t need walking twice a day and will keep themselves entertained.

2. Tortoises are very affordable

Tortoises are very affordable to keep in your home. Once they are set up with a comfortable space to enjoy, there will be very little cost to upkeep them. Their food is cheap and their space remains clean for long periods without needing to be changed.

3. Tortoises live long lives

Tortoises will also be around for a long time. They can live from 14 to 30 years or more depending on the species, which means you will have a friend for years to come. Unlike most other pets, you will be able to enjoy your tortoise for vast periods of your life.

4. They’re harmless

Tortoises are far more harmless than cats and dogs. While they may bite your finger if you put it in their mouth, little damage will be done. A tortoise is a very safe pet to have in the home and is great when you have children too.

5. Tortoises are loyal

Tortoises are unlike most pets in that they are happy in the space you give them. With room to wander around, food to eat and occasional trips into the garden to play and eat grass, the tortoise will be happy. Tortoises will not try to run away from you like dogs, hamsters or guinea pigs.

Tortoises are adorable creatures to keep as pets and they are a very practical and affordable animal to have in your home. Unlike many pets, it is easy to keep a tortoise and to keep them happy for a long time. With a tortoise, you will have a friend for years and years to come.

Photo: Tortoise by snowmentality licensed under Creative commons 2

Keeping exotic fish as pets 0 374

Exotic fish

There’s something mesmerising about watching a tank full of brightly coloured fish swim around. Do they make good pets though? Is it hard to keep exotic fish? With the right pet care and pet advice, exotic fish make great, if unusual pets.

Tank size

Go for the biggest sized tank you can afford and have room for. The bigger your tank, the easier you’ll find keeping the balance of the water right. Your fish need plenty of room to swim too. Aim for at least a 20-gallon tank.

Tank set-up

You’re going to need a heater to warm the water. You’ll also need a filter to ensure clean, healthy water, which is crucial for fish to thrive. It’s advisable to add an air pump to boost the oxygen levels.

You’ll also need a light for the tank, and a timer for the light, so it’s not on all the time. Bear in mind a fish tank should be placed out of direct sunlight, away from draughts and heating sources.

On top of the things that make your tank work you’re going to need everything that goes into your tank; gravel for the bottom, plants, and decorative caves and tunnels so your fish can hide if they want to.

You can usually buy aquarium starter kits at pet food stores if you want help in pulling everything together.

Getting the water right

The filter will cycle your water to make it suitable for fish to live in, never add tap water directly to the tank. You need to de-chlorinate it first. You can also add a water treatment to help keep the water healthy between changes.

You should change about 10-15% of the water each week to keep it clean and healthy for the fish. Never do a full tank change once your fish are in the tank.

Choosing your fish

When you choose your fish, make sure you start introducing them slowly – this will help you identify if you’ve got the water balance right, and at this point, your tanks eco-system is still developing, so adding lots of fish can damage it.

There’s a wide range of tropical fish to choose from – Cichlids, Betta and Swordtails are good starter fish, and are nice to look at. Never mix goldfish and tropical fish together.