How to Breed Betta Fish 0 198

How to breed betta fish

Once you have a tank of beautiful, vibrant fish, you may start to wonder how to breed betta fish and whether your aquarium is suitable for breeding.

While you could just let nature take its course and hope that your fish will breed naturally, there are several things you can do to give your fish the best possible chance of producing healthy, brightly-colored fry.

Read on to learn the basics of how to breed betta fish.

How to breed quality betta fish

While you can just leave your male with a group of females and leave them to do what comes naturally, selecting the right parent fish to breed from will give you your best chance of success.

Starting with young fish as your parent fish is the best way of ensuring healthy fry, and this might mean specially ordering in your founding parent fish, as if you buy from a pet shop you will be unable to guarantee their age.

It is also wise to select particularly vibrant specimens to breed. This improves the chance of them producing bright, colorful fry.

Conditioning for breeding

It is important to condition your bettas to encourage the female to lay her eggs and the male to fertilize them. To do this, you should feed your fish plenty of high protein foods such as bloodworms and daphnia, and place your male and chosen female in separate parts of a partitioned tank where they can see each other.

The male betta should then begin to build a bubble nest, and the male and female fish will “flare” at each other, displaying their full size and color as a prelude to breeding. The female will become larger at this time as her stomach distends with eggs. The entire process can take one to two weeks before both fish are ready to breed.

Mating

When both fish are ready, bring them together and expect lots more flaring, chasing, and possibly even what appears to be aggressive behavior between the two fish.

Ultimately, the male fish will wrap himself around the female to squeeze the eggs out of her, while fertilizing them at the same time. Once this is completed, the female fish will float to the top of the tank and the male to the bottom before the male, and sometimes the female too, begin to move the fertilized eggs to the bubble nest.

This can take a few hours to complete, and when it is done, the male will guard the nest, chasing the female away from it.

Hatching and fry

The embryos will usually hatch in just one to two days, after which the fry will eat their embryos for nutrition.

Around four days after this, the male should be removed from the tank so that he doesn’t try to eat his own offspring and the fry will begin to thrive on their own.

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Should you choose a chameleon as a pet? 0 1670

Pet chameleon

Chameleons are not the easiest pet to take care of, and are more for the advanced reptile enthusiast. That said, they are beautiful creatures and they can thrive if well looked after.

Our pet care advice below will help you decide whether a chameleon is right for you:

Different types of chameleon

There are a few different chameleons suitable to be kept as pets: The Veiled or Yemen Chameleon is one of the easier species to keep. They can grow to two feet, so make sure you consider that when buying a cage.

Panther Chameleons are active during the day, and require a similar environment to the veiled chameleon. They grow up to about 20 inches.

Jackson’s chameleons are the smallest of these three breeds, and grow to around 10 inches. Some species of Jackson’s chameleons also have a horn.

All chameleons prefer not to be handled, and need to be housed on their own. If you want to breed your chameleons, make sure you look into this carefully.

Getting the environment right

A chameleon’s natural habitat is the humid rainforests and arid deserts, so they need a humid environment with enough space to allow for their tree climbing – the minimum size is three feet by three feet by four feet tall.

You’ll need to include lots of tree branches and foliage within the cage. The chameleon likes to bask, and you’ll need different basking spots, in a range of different temperatures, depending on your type of chameleon.

You’ll also need UV lighting that’s designed for reptiles as well as a misting system if you’re not going to be there to ensure humidity is at the right level. Misting needs to take place twice a day.

Feeding your chameleon

Chameleons are insectivores, and so a mixed diet of crickets, roaches, and worms is their preferred menu. Some also like vegetation such as fruits and vegetables.

Chameleons don’t drink from a bowl, preferring to take droplets of water from the leaves, so it’s important you’re misting twice a day, or providing a water system that drips.

With the right pet care, chameleons are a fascinating pet to keep, but are probably not for you if you want a reptile to handle. You’ll also need to put time into making sure their environment is right, as they can easily get sick if not.

Five snakes that are good for beginner reptile keepers 0 599

Pet Ball Python pet

Snakes are the most popular reptile pet to keep, but are they easy to look after? They do make unusual pets, but with good pet care – the right equipment, food and environment – they will thrive.

If you’re a beginner, what snake should you get to start you off? Here’s our rundown of five snakes that will make a great pet for first time snake keepers.

Corn Snake

Corn snakes are one of the most popular first time snakes to buy. They don’t grow too big – an adult corn snake needs a 20 gallon tank. They will live for around 20 years.

They’re easy to handle and to look after. They feed on mice. Corn snakes are quite active, so will need time outside their tank for exercise.

Royal or Ball Python

The royal python (also known as the ball python) can live for up to 30 years, and grow up to five feet.

Royal pythons are a timid species, so don’t appreciate much handling – they need somewhere to hide within their tank. For tank size allow 1 square foot to each foot of snake in length.

Royals eat mice or rats, depending on the size of their mouth.

King Snake

King snakes live for about 15 years. There are lots of different types, with some growing up to six feet.

King snakes are active, so will need time out of their tank, and can bite when cornered, but with careful and regular handling should settle.

They feed on mice and rats, and need the same sized tank proportions as a royal python.

Rosy Boa

Rosy boas are fairly docile, but can bite if caught unaware. Rosy boas grow to about four feet in length and will live for about 30 years. They need a reasonable size tank, and places to hide as well. Rosy boas feed on mice.

Garter snake

Garter snakes grow up to three foot long, and live to about 10 years.

They need around a 29 gallon tank to be comfortable. Garter snakes do eat mice, but prefer fish, and food like frogs, so it’s best to give them a varied diet.