Breeding Chickens 0 134

Breeding chickens

Breeding chickensBreeding chickens has become one of the most lucrative businesses for many farmers. Raising backyard chickens does not require huge capital as compared to other businesses. Breeding chickens entails a process of raising small chicks until they mature up and start laying eggs.

The first step will entail preparing a house for your chickens. Depending on the number of chickens you have, you need to erect a house where these chickens can rest and hide from potential risk like predators. A well spacious room will allow you to collect the eggs as well as maintaining high levels of cleanliness. Also, you need to equip the house with feeders and water points.

You need to select roosters and hens which will lay eggs. This can be outsourced from breeding firms. Ensure that these chickens do not have any deformities on their bodies. It is recommended that one rooster for every ten hens can greatly enhance high production rates of eggs.

As there are many different breeds of chicken, learn about them before you actually purchase the chicken. Primarily chicken can be segregated into 3 broad categories: pure breeds, egg-laying hybrids, and mixed hybrids. Each has their own special quality. For example, the egg-laying hybrids are bred for the specific reason of laying eggs and have small bodies and not enough mass for them to be slaughtered for their meat.

Feeding the chickens is one of the critical factors when breeding. Proper feedings will facilitate production of high-quality eggs which can hatch chicks. Immediately the hens will start laying eggs. This is followed by marking the dates your eggs are hatched to plan for brooding. Egg marking can be done using pencils and not mark pens to avoid closing air spaces in eggs which allow air circulation.

Since there are two methods of brooding, you can choose the one which suits you better. You can use incubator in case many chicks are required or naturally allow the hen to brood the eggs. The regular time for brooding is only 21 days. The best time to brood hens is in springs since the chicks will mature at autumn.

Take the chicks to the brooder one week after hatching. You should allow the hen to stay with the chicks for one week to teach them on how to feed. During this period, ensure the chicks are supplied with plenty of water as well as chick mash. Vaccination against coccidiosis and Newcastle disease should be done to boost their immune system. Chicks grow strong when they are allowed to exercise and bask on sunlight to obtain vitamin D.

It’s recommended to introduce changes gradually to chicks in order to avoid causing stress to them. After six months the chicks usually reaches maturity, and they need to be released to mix with other flocks. To sustain their health, you should ensure that you provide adequate food as well as water. Vaccination and injection against diseases should be done regularly for mature chickens as well.

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How to ensure your parrot lives a long and happy life 0 153

Happy pet parrot

Are you considering getting a parrot as a pet or have you recently made the great decision to get one? Today we are going to explain how to ensure your parrot lives a long, happy and fulfilled life.

When you decide to purchase a parrot as a pet you have to be aware that they can live for a very long time depending on the exact type and breed. Your new parrot from day one will become a huge part of your life and most definitely a part of the family.

Consider the size of the cage

The first thing you will probably think about when getting your parrot is its cage. This is going to be where your parrot spends most of its time, so it is essential that the cage isn’t too small. Your parrot will be happy within its cage but not if the cage is crammed and leaving it feeling hemmed in – it should definitely be big enough so that your new pet can fully stretch out its wings and have room either side. Cover the bottom of your cage with newspaper as it will get messy each day – this offers an affordable and quick way to change it over every day.

Where you place your cage is just as important. Do not place your cage in the kitchen as fumes are extremely bad for parrots. Do not place near a window or in direct sunlight. Look for a calm, quiet spot for your bird to enjoy.

Feeding your parrot

When feeding your parrot, you need to remember that they enjoy a varied diet including parrot pellets from your local pet shop and a selection of fresh fruit and vegetables. Parrots can be given various other foods, but it is important to check that they are safe first, as chocolate and avocado are not.

Letting your parrot out of its cage

You need to ensure you let your parrot out of its cage at least once a day, ensuring this is supervised. Parrots are extremely clever and should be stimulated to ensure they remain as happy as possible. Give them a selection of suitable toys and you can practice tricks with your new pet. Most importantly, look after your parrot and ensure it is loved and well cared for.

Learn more about caring for pet birds

Hatching Chickens 0 203

Chicken hatching
Hatching chickens
Two chickens hatching

It’s the 18th day of incubation for your chicks, and one of them is beginning to hatch from its shell! You may even hear peeps coming from the eggs. What do you do now? Here’s a quick guide to hatching chickens.

When an egg is freshly laid its temperature is 105 degrees Fahrenheit. A chicken begins to develop at 88 degrees Fahrenheit. The chicken does not develop from the yolk or the egg white, but from a small segment of cells called a blastodisc.

First, try not to move the egg because the chick is already in a position to hatch. Moving the egg means the chick has to move back into the hatching position, and this causes them to expend energy and weaken them.

After 2 more days of incubation, the chick will more than likely begin to pierce the membrane of the egg with its beak. This lets in outside air for the chick. Then, the chick must chip away at the shell, and it does this in a circular pattern. It may take up to a few hours for a chick to complete chip away the shell so that the top pops off. After this tiring process, the chick may simply lie there for a while to rest and dry off.

While it may be tempting to help chicks come out of their shell if they are having difficulty, it’s actually not a good idea. Hatching is an incredibly slow process, and patience is key. If the membrane of the shell has dried out too much around the chick, you can slowly and very carefully help the chick with tweezers.

So what should you do if the eggs hatch late? (FYI- If the eggs hatch early, the incubator temp was probably too high, or you miscounted the days. If the eggs hatch too late, the temp was probably too cold, or you didn’t store the eggs properly before incubation.) If a lot of the eggs fail to hatch by day 22, pull some out and open them. They could have improperly formed embryos or no embryo at all. If you do find some living embryos, put the unopened eggs back for more time in the incubator.

Many problems are associated with incubation temperatures and humidity level. High temperatures can result in malformed chicks, and temps that are too low can result in chicks hatching with egg goo on them. If chicks have bad legs, it may have been caused by hatching them on a slippery surface.

There’s much more to learn about backyard chicken care…