Hatching Chickens 0 34

Chicken hatching
Hatching chickens
Two chickens hatching

It’s the 18th day of incubation for your chicks, and one of them is beginning to hatch from its shell! You may even hear peeps coming from the eggs. What do you do now? Here’s a quick guide to hatching chickens.

When an egg is freshly laid its temperature is 105 degrees Fahrenheit. A chicken begins to develop at 88 degrees Fahrenheit. The chicken does not develop from the yolk or the egg white, but from a small segment of cells called a blastodisc.

First, try not to move the egg because the chick is already in a position to hatch. Moving the egg means the chick has to move back into the hatching position, and this causes them to expend energy and weaken them.

After 2 more days of incubation, the chick will more than likely begin to pierce the membrane of the egg with its beak. This lets in outside air for the chick. Then, the chick must chip away at the shell, and it does this in a circular pattern. It may take up to a few hours for a chick to complete chip away the shell so that the top pops off. After this tiring process, the chick may simply lie there for a while to rest and dry off.

While it may be tempting to help chicks come out of their shell if they are having difficulty, it’s actually not a good idea. Hatching is an incredibly slow process, and patience is key. If the membrane of the shell has dried out too much around the chick, you can slowly and very carefully help the chick with tweezers.

So what should you do if the eggs hatch late? (FYI- If the eggs hatch early, the incubator temp was probably too high, or you miscounted the days. If the eggs hatch too late, the temp was probably too cold, or you didn’t store the eggs properly before incubation.) If a lot of the eggs fail to hatch by day 22, pull some out and open them. They could have improperly formed embryos or no embryo at all. If you do find some living embryos, put the unopened eggs back for more time in the incubator.

Many problems are associated with incubation temperatures and humidity level. High temperatures can result in malformed chicks, and temps that are too low can result in chicks hatching with egg goo on them. If chicks have bad legs, it may have been caused by hatching them on a slippery surface.

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Breeding Chickens 0 18

Breeding chickens

Breeding chickensBreeding chickens has become one of the most lucrative businesses for many farmers. Raising chickens does not require huge capital as compared to other businesses. Breeding entails a process of raising small chicks until they mature up and start laying eggs.

The first step will entail preparing a house for your chickens. Depending on the number of chickens you have, you need to erect a house where these chickens can rest and hide from potential risk like predators. A well spacious room will allow you to collect the eggs as well as maintaining high levels of cleanliness. Also, you need to equip the house with feeders and water points.

You need to select roosters and hens which will lay eggs. This can be outsourced from breeding firms. Ensure that these chickens do not have any deformities on their bodies. It is recommended that one rooster for every ten hens can greatly enhance high production rates of eggs.

As there are many different breeds of chicken, learn about them before you actually purchase the chicken. Primarily chicken can be segregated into 3 broad categories: pure breeds, egg-laying hybrids, and mixed hybrids. Each has their own special quality. For example, the egg-laying hybrids are bred for the specific reason of laying eggs and have small bodies and not enough mass for them to be slaughtered for their meat.

Feeding the chickens is one of the critical factors when breeding. Proper feedings will facilitate production of high-quality eggs which can hatch chicks. Immediately the hens will start laying eggs. This is followed by marking the dates your eggs are hatched to plan for brooding. Egg marking can be done using pencils and not mark pens to avoid closing air spaces in eggs which allow air circulation.

Since there are two methods of brooding, you can choose the one which suits you better. You can use incubator in case many chicks are required or naturally allow the hen to brood the eggs. The regular time for brooding is only 21 days. The best time to brood hens is in springs since the chicks will mature at autumn.

Take the chicks to the brooder one week after hatching. You should allow the hen to stay with the chicks for one week to teach them on how to feed. During this period, ensure the chicks are supplied with plenty of water as well as chick mash. Vaccination against coccidiosis and Newcastle disease should be done to boost their immune system. Chicks grow strong when they are allowed to exercise and bask on sunlight to obtain vitamin D.

It’s recommended to introduce changes gradually to chicks in order to avoid causing stress to them. After six months the chicks usually reaches maturity, and they need to be released to mix with other flocks. To sustain their health, you should ensure that you provide adequate food as well as water. Vaccination and injection against diseases should be done regularly for mature chickens as well.

How Many Chickens are there in the World? 0 27

How many chickens are there in the world?
How many chickens are there in the world?
How many chickens are there in the world?

Have you ever wondered just how many chickens there are in the world, or even within your own country? If you guessed a couple million, you’re not even close! One billion chickens? Still cold. The truth is that the verified chicken population from across the world totals to more than double our human population, specifically 15,853,900,900 chickens (nearly sixteen billion chickens), according to a 2002 estimate. However, that was just the verified chicken population. Numbers estimated in 2009 have put the number of chickens in the world to fifty billion chickens, with more than nine billion of them within the United States of America.

Considering that the estimate was conducted in 2009, it would be very likely that in 2017, the chicken population has risen even further. With many unreported chickens walking around the world, who knows how many there truly are?

You may be wondering, why are there so many chickens in the world? First off, we must consider the simplicity and ease of a female chicken (hen) in reproduction. All a hen must do is mate with a rooster to get an egg fertilized, where the egg will lay and if properly taken care of, will hatch into a baby chicken. So the process is uncomplicated.

Additionally, there has been a continually increasing demand for chicken as a food, encouraging chicken factories. Did you know that it is estimated that more than 1.25 billion chicken wings were eaten during the 2012 Super Bowl? In 1950, it was expected that the average American would consume 20 pounds of chicken per year, but in 2015, it was estimated that over 89 pounds of chicken was consumed. It is not a secret that we as humans are coming to enjoy and eat chicken more, and as expected, the chicken population has continued to rise substantially. 

There will truly never be a way to count the exact amount of chickens in the world, due to their broad diversity and the fact that there may be small farms and even chickens as pets! The number will forever be rising, as chicken farming as remained as one of the most lucrative industries to accommodate for our human needs and chicken as a staple food across the world. If you have wondered why chickens are getting cheaper as a whole, it’s because the amount of chickens has simply risen. The rising chicken population is simply indicative of what the concept of supply and demand can do for an industry.