Where Do Chickens Come From? 0 264

Where do chickens come from?
Where do chickens come from?
Where do chickens come from?

There have been various explanations explaining the origin of chickens. Charles Darwin’s studies concluded that the domestic chicken originated from the red jungle fowl. However, a new study from University of Uppsala suggests that Darwin was wrong. The first domesticated chickens originated in India and East Asia around 7000 BC. The first historical reference to chickens may have occurred in Mesopotamia around 2000 BC.

Mapping of genes that give rise to yellow legs in domesticated chicken was researched. This led to the discovery that the genetic heredity of chickens originates from the gray jungle fowl. Studies show that despite the red jungle fowl contributing the most genes to the domesticated chicken, contribution by another species should have been made: the gray jungle fowl.

The genes that contribute to yellow skin are widely spread among millions of domestic chicken around the world. One researcher concluded that the yellow in the legs is brought about by the type of feed. The more yellow the carotenoids are in the chicken food, the more yellow the legs.

The gene responsible for coding an enzyme that breaks down carotenoids is inactive in skin but active in other organs in chickens with yellow legs. Consequently, the yellow carotenoids stay in the skin in these chickens. This is referred to as a regulatory mutation due to the modification of the gene sequence which is intact.

It is still not understood why humans bred chickens with this trait of yellow legs. The same gene can be important when elaborating the flamingo’s pink color, salmon’s reddish meat and birds of prey’s yellow legs. Carotenoids are responsible for these characteristics.

A literal answer to the question of “Where do chickens come from?” as far as commercial production is concerned is a metal shed. Almost all chicken meat consumed comes from a farm. Some of the conditions are very undesirable, and this is why buying free range birds are best for your family’s diet. 94% of chicken production comes from rearing of birds. Continuous filming is done to record important statistics like water intake, food intake, and the weight of the birds.

Egg production and meat production are two different industries. For a while now, farmers have reared broilers for meat and layers for eggs. Eggs are fairly cheap, and free range chicken breasts are fairly affordable, making chickens an important staple in the diet of millions of people.

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How to train your budgie 0 1263

Training a budgie

Budgies are a great starter pet as they don’t take much money or time to set up their habitat, and are cheap to look after, only needing to be provided with daily food and water and the occasional new toy.

It’s important to have the correct sized cage for your bird, however, so they can stretch their wings and exercise, plus you’ll need to create a toilet area. A twelve by twelve by eighteen-inch cage is perfect for a single budgie, but you should increase the size for a pair or more. Ask your local breeder or veterinarian for advice. These sizes of cages are only suitable if your budgie is getting the right amount of exercise outside the cage. Read on to find out how you can do this.

Exercising your budgie

One of the best things about having a new budgie, especially a young one, is that you can train it. Here are some tricks you can teach your budgie to get the most fun for you and your new pet.

Ping pong

You can play ping pong with your budgie by rolling a ping pong ball towards it. If your budgie doesn’t roll it back, keep a treat in your hand so it gets the idea eventually.

Budgie tunnelling

Get your budgie to go through a short tunnel by tempting it with food, then increase the tunnel length. You can buy special connecting tunnels from pet shops to give your budgie an amazing adventure and plenty of exercise.

Budgie skateboarding

Yes, budgie skateboarding is real and it is great for both you and your budgie. It’s a great way to teach your budgie balancing techniques and to improve its spatial awareness. Sit your budgie on a mini skateboard from a pet shop with a treat so it gets used to it, and push it along gently. Repeat the process until the budgie can balance and skate.

Find out more about budgies and other pet birds

How to ensure your parrot lives a long and happy life 0 262

Happy pet parrot

Are you considering getting a parrot as a pet or have you recently made the great decision to get one? Today we are going to explain how to ensure your parrot lives a long, happy and fulfilled life.

When you decide to purchase a parrot as a pet you have to be aware that they can live for a very long time depending on the exact type and breed. Your new parrot from day one will become a huge part of your life and most definitely a part of the family.

Consider the size of the cage

The first thing you will probably think about when getting your parrot is its cage. This is going to be where your parrot spends most of its time, so it is essential that the cage isn’t too small. Your parrot will be happy within its cage but not if the cage is crammed and leaving it feeling hemmed in – it should definitely be big enough so that your new pet can fully stretch out its wings and have room either side. Cover the bottom of your cage with newspaper as it will get messy each day – this offers an affordable and quick way to change it over every day.

Where you place your cage is just as important. Do not place your cage in the kitchen as fumes are extremely bad for parrots. Do not place near a window or in direct sunlight. Look for a calm, quiet spot for your bird to enjoy.

Feeding your parrot

When feeding your parrot, you need to remember that they enjoy a varied diet including parrot pellets from your local pet shop and a selection of fresh fruit and vegetables. Parrots can be given various other foods, but it is important to check that they are safe first, as chocolate and avocado are not.

Letting your parrot out of its cage

You need to ensure you let your parrot out of its cage at least once a day, ensuring this is supervised. Parrots are extremely clever and should be stimulated to ensure they remain as happy as possible. Give them a selection of suitable toys and you can practice tricks with your new pet. Most importantly, look after your parrot and ensure it is loved and well cared for.

Learn more about caring for pet birds